For Faculty

Faculty Guide for Helping Students in Distress 13-14_facultystaffguide [click to download]

Faculty and staff are in good positions to recognize students who are in distress. Counseling Services’ staff want to support your efforts by providing practical information about how to identify distressed students and how to make referrals to Counseling Services or other crisis support services.

Recognizing Students in Distress
• Marked Changes in Academic Performance or Behavior
• Uncharacteristically poor performance and preparation
• Excessive absences or tardiness
• Repeated requests for special consideration especially when this represents a change from previous functioning
• Disruptive classroom behavior
• Intense emotion or inappropriate responses

Behavioral or Interpersonal Problems
• Asking instructor for help with personal problems
• Complaints from other students
• Hyperactivity or very rapid speech
• Irritability or angry outbursts
• Dramatic weight loss or gain
• Disjointed thoughts

References to Suicide, Homicide or Death
• Expressed thoughts of helplessness or hopelessness
• Overt references to suicide
• Isolation from friends or family

What Can You Do?
TALK…to the student in private when both of you have the time and are not rushed or preoccupied. Privacy will help minimize embarrassment and defensiveness.
LISTEN…in a sensitive, nonthreatening way. Discuss your observations in behavioral, nonjudgmental terms. For example, “I’ve noticed you’ve been absent from class lately and I’m concerned.”
COMMUNICATE…understanding by repeating back the essence of what the student has told you. Try to include both content and feelings (“It sounds like you’re not accustomed to such a big campus and you’re feeling left out of things.”) Let the student talk.
GIVE HOPE…assure the student that help is available. Help the student identify options for action and explore the possible consequences.
MAINTAIN…clear and consistent boundaries and expectations. Be frank with the student about the limits of your ability to help them
REFER… when:
• the problem is more serious than you feel comfortable handling.
• you have helped as much as you can and further assistance is needed.

Non-Crisis Referrals:
• Encourage students to contact Counseling Services directly to schedule an intake appointment by calling 401-454-6637 or going to the counseling office at 63 Angell Street.
• Offer to let the student call from your office or offer to walk over with the student if you believe they need to extra support.

Crisis Referrals:
• If a student is in crisis during business hours (Mon-Fri 8:30 am – 4:30 pm) call 401-454-6637.
• If the crisis occurs outside of business hours, call Public Safety 401-454-6666 and ask them to have the counselor on-call get back to you.
• If the student or another person is in imminent danger, or when you believe a student is out of control, call 911 or Public Safety at 401-454-6666.

It is often a good idea to follow-up with students after the referral was made. Be aware that Counseling Services works within ethical limits of confidentiality, and we cannot give information about the student or specifics about the situation without written permission.